Yeobright's niece, a young girl of gentle ways and conventional expectations. In Hardy's original manuscript, wildeve tricks her with a false marriage to seduce her. "Mrs yeobright saw a little figure. Undefended except by the power of her own hope." Damon Wildeve —eustacia's former lover and Thomasin's first husband. He is an ex-engineer who has failed in his profession and who now keeps an inn, "The quiet Woman"—so-called because its sign depicts a decapitated woman carrying her own head. He has a wandering eye and an appetite for women.
SparkNotes: The, return of the, native
She thereby ends her sorrows while at the same time—by drowning in the weir like any woman instead of floating, witchlike—she proves her essential innocence to the community. 5 Character list edit Clement (Clym) yeobright —a man of about thirty who gives up a business career in Paris to return to his native egdon heath to become a schoolmaster to the poor and ignorant (Hardy himself gave up a successful career. "The beauty here visible would in no time be ruthlessly overrun by its parasite, thought." Clym is the "native" to which the book's title refers. Eustacia vye —a raven-haired young beauty, of half-Italian ancestry, who chafes against her life on the heath and longs to escape it to lead the more adventure-filled life of the world. Some of the heathfolk think she is a witch. Hardy describes sales her as "the raw material of a divinity" whose "celestial imperiousness, love, wrath, and fervour had proved to be somewhat thrown away on netherward Egdon." Mrs. Yeobright —Clyms mother, a widow of inflexible standards. Thomasin has lived with her for many years, but Clym is her only child. She strongly disapproves of Eustacia. Thomasin (Tamsin) yeobright —Clyms cousin and Mrs.
4 to emphasise this main part he uses as setting an ancient heath steeped in pre-Christian history and supplies a chorus consisting of Grandfer Cantle, timothy fairway, and the rest of the heathfolk. Eustacia, who manipulates fate in hopes of leaving Egdon heath for a larger existence in Paris, instead becomes an eternal resident when she drowns in Shadwater weir; Wildeve shares not only eustacia's dream of escape, but also her fate; and Clym, the would-be educational reformer. Lawrence —see the novel as a study of the way communities control their misfits. In Egdon heath, most people (particularly the women) look askance at the proud, unconventional Eustacia. Yeobright considers her too odd and unreliable to be a suitable bride for her son, and Susan Nunsuch, who frankly believes her to be a witch, tries to protect her children from Eustacia's supposedly baleful influence by stabbing her with a stocking pin and later. Clym at first laughs at such superstitions, but later embraces the majority opinion when he rejects his wife as a murderer and adulteress. In this view, eustacia dies because she has internalised the community's values to the extent that, unable to escape Egdon without confirming her status as a fallen woman, she chooses suicide.
Alternative ending edit In a footnote towards the end of the novel in some compendium editions, hardy writes: 2 The writer may state here that the original conception of the story did not design a marriage between Thomasin and Venn. He was to have retained his isolated and weird character to the last Thomasin remaining a widow. But certain circumstances of serial publication led to a change of intent. Readers can therefore choose between the endings, and those with moliere an austere artistic code can assume the more consistent conclusion to be the true one. Discussion edit with its deeply flawed heroine and its (for the time) open acknowledgement of illicit sexual relationships, The return of the native raised some eyebrows when it first appeared as a serial in Victorian Britain. Although he intended to structure the novel into five books, thus mirroring the classical tragic format, hardy submitted to the tastes of the serial-reading public sufficiently to tack on a happy ending for Diggory venn and Thomasin in a sixth book, aftercourses. In Hardy's original conception, venn retains his weird reddleman's character, while Thomasin lives out her days as a widow. 3 Hardy's choice of themes—sexual politics, thwarted desire, and the conflicting demands of nature and society—makes this a truly modern novel. Underlying these modern themes, however, is a classical sense of tragedy: Hardy scrupulously observes the three unities of time, place, and action and suggests that the struggles of those trying to escape their destinies will plan only hasten their destruction.
Eustacia does not appear; instead, she falls or throws herself into nearby Shadwater weir. Clym and Wildeve hear the splash and hurry to investigate. Wildeve plunges recklessly after Eustacia without bothering to remove his coat, while Clym, proceeding more cautiously, nevertheless is also soon at the mercy of the raging waters. Venn arrives in time to save clym, but is too late for the others. When Clym revives, he accuses himself of murdering his wife and mother. In the epilogue, venn gives up being a reddleman to become a dairy farmer. Two years later, Thomasin marries him and they settle down happily together. Clym, now a sad, solitary figure, eventually takes up preaching.
The, return of the, native
Eustacia, racked with guilt, dares not tell him of her role in the tragedy; when he eventually finds out from a neighbour's child about his mother's visit—and Wildeve's—he rushes home to accuse his wife of murder and adultery. Eustacia assistant refuses to explain her actions; instead, she tells him. You are no blessing, my husband and reproaches him for his cruelty. She then moves back to her grandfather's house, where she struggles with her despair while she awaits some word from Clym. Wildeve visits her again on guy fawkes night, and offers to help her get to paris. Eustacia realises that if she lets Wildeve help her, she'll be obliged to become his mistress. She tells him she will send him a signal by night if she decides to accept.
Clym's anger, meanwhile, has cooled and he sends Eustacia a letter the next day offering reconciliation. The letter arrives a few minutes too late; by the time her grandfather tries to give it to her, she has already signalled to wildeve and set off through wind and rain to meet him. She walks along weeping, however, knowing she is about to break her marriage vows for a man who is unworthy of her. Wildeve readies a horse and gig and waits for Eustacia in the dark. Thomasin, guessing his plans, sends Clym to intercept him; she also, by chance, encounters Diggory venn as she dashes across the heath herself in pursuit of her husband.
At this point, wildeve reappears; he has unexpectedly inherited a large sum of money, and is now in a better position to fulfill Eustacia's hopes. He comes calling on the yeobrights in the middle of one hot August day and, although Clym is at home, he is fast asleep on the hearth after a gruelling session of furze-cutting. While eustacia and Wildeve are talking, Mrs. Yeobright knocks on the door; she has decided to pay a courtesy call in the hopes of healing the estrangement between herself and her son. Eustacia looks out at her and then, in some alarm, ushers her visitor out at the back door. She hears Clym calling to his mother and, thinking his mother's knocking has awakened him, remains in the garden for a few moments.
When Eustacia goes back inside, she finds Clym still asleep and his mother gone. Clym, she now realises, merely cried out his mother's name in his sleep. Mrs yeobright, it turns out, saw Eustacia looking out the window at her; she also saw Clym's gear by the door, and so knew they were both at home. Now, thinking she has been deliberately barred from her son's home, she miserably begins the long, hot walk home. Later that evening, Clym, unaware of her attempted visit, heads for Bloom's End and on the way finds her crumpled beside the path, dying from an adder 's bite. When she expires that night from the combined effects of snake venom and heat exhaustion, clym's grief and remorse make him physically ill for several weeks.
The, return of the, native (audiobook by Thomas Hardy
"Unconscious of her presence, he still went on singing." Eustacia travel watches Clym cut furze in this illustration by Arthur Hopkins for the original. Belgravia edition (Plate 8, july 1878). When he sees that Eustacia is lost to him, wildeve marries Thomasin, who gives birth to a daughter the next summer. Clym and Eustacia also marry and move to a small cottage five miles away, where they enjoy a brief period of happiness. The seeds of rancour soon begin to germinate, however: Clym studies night and day to prepare for his new career as a schoolmaster while eustacia clings to the hope that he'll give up the idea and take her abroad. Instead, he nearly blinds himself with too much reading, then further mortifies his wife by deciding to eke out a living, at least temporarily, as a furze -cutter. Eustacia, her dreams blasted, finds herself living in a hut on the heath, chained by marriage to a lowly labouring man.
She loathes the heath, yet roams it constantly, carrying a spyglass and an hourglass. The previous year, she and Wildeve were lovers; however, even during the height of her passion for him, she knew she only loved him because there was no better object available. When Wildeve broke off the relationship to court Thomasin, eustacia's interest in him briefly returned. The two meet on guy fawkes night, and Wildeve asks her to run off to America with him. Eustacia drops Wildeve when Mrs. Yeobright's son Clym, a successful diamond merchant, returns from Paris to his native. Although he has no plans to return to paris or the diamond trade and is, in fact, planning to become a schoolmaster for the rural poor, reviews eustacia sees him as a way to escape the hated heath and begin a grander, richer existence. With some difficulty, she arranges to meet Clym, and the two soon fall in love. Yeobright objects, Clym quarrels with her; later, she quarrels with Eustacia as well.
Mrs. She is a good woman, if somewhat proud and inflexible, and she wants the best for Thomasin. In former months she opposed her niece's choice of husband, and publicly forbade the banns ; now, since Thomasin has compromised herself by leaving town with Wildeve and returning unmarried, the best outcome Mrs. Yeobright can envision is for the postponed marriage to be duly solemnised as soon as possible. She and Venn both begin working on Wildeve to make sure he keeps his promise to Thomasin. Wildeve, however, is still preoccupied with Eustacia vye, an exotically beautiful young woman living with her grandfather in a lonely house on Egdon heath. Eustacia is a black-haired, queenly woman, whose Italian father came from Corfu, and who grew up in Budmouth, a fashionable seaside resort. She holds herself aloof from most of the heathfolk; they, in turn, consider her an oddity, and some even think she's a witch. She is nothing like thomasin, who is sweet-natured.
Guy fawkes Night as Diggory venn is slowly crossing the heath with his van, which is being drawn by ponies. In his van is a passenger. When darkness falls, the country folk light bonfires on the surrounding hills, emphasising—not for the last time—the pagan spirit of the heath and its denizens. Venn is a reddleman; he travels the country supplying farmers with a red mineral called reddle (dialect term for red ochre) that farmers use to mark their sheep. Although his trade has stained him red from head to foot, underneath his devilish colouring he is a handsome, shrewd, well-meaning young man. His passenger is a young woman named Thomasin yeobright, whom Venn is taking home. Earlier story that day, thomasin had planned to marry damon Wildeve, a local innkeeper known for his fickleness; however, an inconsistency in the marriage licence delayed the marriage. Thomasin, in distress, ran after the reddleman's van and asked him to take her home. Venn himself is in love with Thomasin, and unsuccessfully wooed her two years before.
Summary of, the return of the native by Thomas Hardy
The return of the writing native is, thomas Hardy 's sixth published novel. It first appeared in the magazine. Belgravia, a publication known for its sensationalism, and was presented in twelve monthly installments from January to december 1878. Because of the novel's controversial themes, hardy had some difficulty finding a publisher; reviews, however, though somewhat mixed, were generally positive. In the twentieth century, the return of the native became one of Hardy's most popular and highly regarded novels. 1, contents, plot summary edit, the novel takes place entirely in the environs. Egdon heath, and, with the exception of the epilogue, aftercourses, covers exactly a year and a day. The narrative begins on the evening.