Some, perhaps, were motivated by political hostility towards Socrates, because of its relationship with Alcibiades and Critias the tyrant. Others may have acted out of personal enmity, which has been the unpleasant experience of being ridiculed by the questions of Socrates. Others have been influenced by the caricature of Socrates in Aristophanes Clouds, which Socrates said, 18a-19c that is the strongest he has to fight prevention. But how far these explanations still commonly accepted, will they lead us? Socrates said that many members of the Tribunal attended his meetings and know the kind of things he says. Many of you have read his interviews in the dialogues of Plato, and you know the kind of things he says.
Republic (Plato) - wikipedia
At the end of the first paragraph (18a socrates said that virtue (arete) of a juror, what a good jury can not fail to do is to focus on the rightness or wrongness of the case which is presented before him. The manner and rhetorical skill with which the case is presented should not be considered. In other words, the only thing that has to count for you if you sit real-or your imagination to this court, is whether the case is exposed is right. Imagine, then, youre a good jury in this meaning. You already know something of Socrates activities or for the hearing in person or to have read Platos dialogues. Let me ask you how you would have voted that day: guilty or not guilty? At that time, the public in Geneva voted not guilty by an overwhelming majority, and only one against. Other audiences, durham, lille and London and Cambridge courses biennial, without exception, have voted not guilty, though with less striking write differences. In 399, the result was of about 280 votes against 221 votes in favor of Socrates and he was enough of a shift of thirty votes for it to be paid (36a) Still, about 280 votes to judge him guilty, thats a lot of people. All these men were not exactly the same reasons to vote guilty.
How would you vote if you were a member of the court in 399? How, in your imagination, do you vote today? This is the challenge that offers this worl apology to the reader, because of the literary form that Plato has given him-the ordinary form of a speech delivered in court. The Apology of Xenophon, by contrast, is a direct narrative, a kind of account of the trial such as newspapers, noting the sharp fragments of the most moving moments of Socrates speech, and includes excerpts from interviews with various stakeholders. The Apology of Plato begins with the phrase: Men of Athens, normally used to apply to a court or an Assembly and continues to the end in the form of judicial eloquence that we know well rainbow through the speech of Demosthenes or Lysias that have. This is definitely not a dialogue. So that we, readers, we are not invited, as is the case in the dialogues within the meaning of the word, to engage in a philosophical discussion about the virtue of science or reality. We are invited to a verdict about the case before.
Lau 1979, and joanna. It was one of the rules which, xmas above all others, made doctor Franklin the most amiable of men in society, "never to rainbow contradict anybody." If he was urged to announce an opinion, he did it rather by asking questions, as if for information,. One day in the year 399 bc, socrates has been accused for impiety and corruption of youth. Socrates addressed some words to the court for his defense. Later, socrates student,. Plato, wrote the work that we call Apology, where socrates once again address some words to the court for his defense. He is accused of impiety and corrupting the young. Is he guilty or not guilty? And if guilty, what penalty should we impose?
Narrated by, bruce Alexander, jamie glover, david Timson. The Trial and the death of Socrates remains a powerful document not least because it gives a first-hand account of the end of one of the greatest figures in history. In, apology, socrates defends himself before the Athenian court against charges of corrupting youth. Phaedo is the account by a young man of the actual last words and moments of Socrates. Commentary on the Apology of Socrates. Commentary on Plato's, apology of Socrates, the master said, "to know when you know, and when you do not know; that is wisdom.". Confucius, Analects, ii:17, translation after James Legge 1893, Arthur Waley 1938,.
Summary of Platos Theory
Get the dialogue for Free on Kindle below: Plato: The Apology, summary and analysis of Plato's The Apology. My blog: m, please help support this channel: m/cgi-bin/webscr. SparkNotes: The Apology: Summary. Plato's, the Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates' speech, however, is by no means an "apology" in our modern understanding of the word.
The name of the dialogue derives from the Greek "apologia which translates as a defense, or hotel a speech made in defense. The Apology, socrates attempts to resume defend himself and his conduct-certainly not to apologize for. Plato's 'Apology' study guide audiobook. The Trial and the death of Socrates. Unabridged (4 hrs and 39 mins).
He will not chose prison, since that would make him enslaved to the officers; he will not chose a fine with imprisonment until he pays, since he is poor and thus that means a life sentence. He also cannot accept exile because no matter where he will go, young men will listen to him and he will be driven out. And he cannot merely not discuss bc life without examination is not worth living (87). So he concludes by offering to pay a fine in accordance with what he can afford (one silver Mina but Plato and his other students instead offer 30 Mina. —, section 3: After being sentenced to death, socrates warns that those who have voted to kill him will be dishonored for it, for he is not guilty of having poor arguments, but rather of not groveling to the judges. Instead suggests that he has done the far more difficult thing, of trying to escape wickedness and not death.
For death cannot shown to be bad; instead it could be an emptiness or a land with homer and the greats. Summary and analysis of Plato's The Apology. It is Platos account of the Trial of Socrates, which was held in 399. Socrates was placed on trial for allegedly corrupting the youth and not believing in the deities of the city. My blog: m, please help support this channel: Plato, thug Notes, 8-Bit Philosophy, wisecrack, sparknotes, video sparknotes, Academy of Ideas, The School of Life, philosophy tube. The Apology, socrates, trial of Socrates, summary. Analysis, philosophy, athens, ancient Athens, ancient Greece. SummaryPlato m read it: here, we go through a brief summary of "Apology an amazing dialogue written by Plato, about the Trial of Socrates, and the bravery of a man who died for what. Advertisement, plato m, read it: here, we go through a brief summary of "Apology an amazing dialogue written by Plato, about the Trial of Socrates, and the bravery of a man who died for what he believed.
Plato's Ethics : An overview (Stanford
But nevertheless, it is where held that Socrates has corrupted the youth, and in looking around there are indeed many of those whom he had supposedly corrupted in their families; however, not a single one is there to accuse socrates of corruption. Lastly, socrates does not beg for an acquittal, since he believes that the judge must decide justly, without regard to any personal factors (his kids and family, for example). Socrates finishes by saying that, as one who filsafat does believe in god, he submits himself to whatever judgment is decided for him. —, section 2: While socrates is found guilty, it is with a small margin. His accusers set his penalty at death, but he suggests he should have the deserved penalty: whatever one deserves for spending his entire life outside of the typically accepted virtues and instead promoting the good life privately. He asks for being served food in the Prytaneum. However, he is convinced that he has not done any wrong, so he will not set on a bad punishment.
Like a soldier stationed at post, socrates cannot stop examining others merely because of the threat of death. Fearing death presupposes knowledge of death (would have to assume that death is the biggest bad and thus would prove socrates a charlatan. Instead, socrates says he will not stop practicing philosophy, as demanded by the gods, even if he were to be acquitted on the condition that he stops. As the gadfly appointed by the gods, socrates does a service to the city of Athens which cannot be replaced; it is a moral evil to unjustly condemn a man, especially one who is attempting to better the city. Socrates then argues that he has intentionally stayed out of politics because he would have been killed long ago for opposing the popular assembly; thus, if one wants to fight for what about is just, he must do it personally and not publicly. This is because, in a public position, one can be forced to act contrary to justice — as a member of the court, socrates was almost arrested for not carrying out a decision which seemed popular. Moreover, socrates claims that, since he has never intended to teach anyone or taken a fee for teaching anyone, he cannot be held responsible for the views of those he has spoken with.
(55). Beginning with the first point, socrates objects that Meletus has never previously cared about the young and that he cannot name who makes young men better. Meletus responds by saying its the laws, and in particular, the judges who know the laws. But Socrates gradually forces Meletus to expand his definition until all of Athens besides Socrates makes young men better. Yet Socrates suggests that young men are like horses, which is to say that very few are capable of training them, while the ordinary man corrupts them. Moreover, while a bad citizen does harm to those near him and one wishes to be harmed, then Socrates would not intentionally corrupt the youth around him, as that would do harm to him; either he corrupts unintentionally or does not corrupt; the court. Socrates then turns to the content of the charge of corruption Meletus clarifies that it is based on Socrates absolute rejection of the gods. Socrates counters that, as it is impossible to believe in human things without believing in human beings, so to it is impossible to believe in super human matter without superhuman beings (which the charge suggests). Moreover, it could be charged that Socrates is merely showing he is guilty by practicing the same activity which landing him having to defend himself. Socrates responds that just because ones life is at stake does not mean that an action is less good or bad (this seems like kant dishonor is still to be avoided.
So he sought to disprove the oracle by finding supposedly wise men, but it turns out they were letter only thought to be wise — each time, he tried to show them that they werent actually wise. In turn, this led to resentment, as Socrates traveled around discovering that he was wiser on small things than others (but never as wise in everything). His experience led him to believe that those of the highest reputation for wisdom turned out to be the least wise. Similar to the politicians, the poets could not defend their positions, instead producing fine works which they could not explain. Finally, socrates turns to the handicraftsmen who, in many things, knew much more than him; however, they believed this knowledge made them wiser in other subjects, in which they were not. This quest yields the answer that while the god is wise, human wisdom means little — the wisest is he who knows he has little wisdom (53). As a result of questioning others, socrates has developed a following of sons of the wealthy who copy socrates in questioning supposedly wise men. Instead of accepting that young men had proven they had little knowledge, they instead charge that Socrates has corrupted the youth and made the weaker argument into the stronger one.
Socrates (Stanford Encyclopedia of)
Notes to the Apology of Socrates. (Michael Stokes translator, 1997 Oxford up). After following the eloquent but false accusers, socrates starts by saying that he wishes not to be judged as a clever speaker or for his inability to use the parlance of the courts; instead he wishes to be judged on whether what he says. He then claims that he must respond to the accusations of those from long ago, who have continuously accused him of corrupting arguments and not believing in the gods — these are the more formidable opponents because they have influenced from a young age those. Socrates then states the older accusation as the following: Socrates is an offender and a meddler, in studying things below the earth and in the sky, and making the weaker argument into the stronger and instructing other people in these same things (45). Socrates claims not to teach for a fee (though he says evenus of Paros does claim to teach the appropriate goodness Of a human being and that of a citizen (47 however, he argues that he has obtained his reputation as a result of his. Yet Socrates does not accept the Oracles pronouncement at face value, since and socrates is not sure that he is wise but must accept the Oracle as telling the truth, since it is impossible for it to lie.