As for Hemingway these are work and way which are used in many different meanings, smooth and clean with all kinds of nouns. Almost each description contains information about colors. With the development of writing craft you can see increasing and quality changing of Hemingways manner of coloring his pictures. The aim is to make the reader believe in the reality, to make the descriptions more detailed, trustworthy: The clouds over the land now rose like mountains and the coast was only a long green line with the gray blue hills behind. The water was a dark blue now, so dark that it was almost purple. As he looked down into it he saw the red sifting of the plankton in the dark water and the strange light the sun made now.
The, old, man, and, the
In the same situations there used told. And also you can meet told in the following context: the old man told himself It is significant that such verbs as talked and spoke are not mentioned in the story. Stereotyping nature of the most of authors remarks is not the result of the absence of fantasy. Vice versa it indicates the artists aim at showing instead of telling. The characters speech plays a paramount role. And the pale remark being a background makes the reader to pay his or her attention only at the most significant parts of the dialogue. The frequency of using looked is also explained by this principle. Hemingway does not like telling anything from the narrators point of view. He describes everything by what the character sees. he looked down into the water and saw the red sifting of the plankton. Here is a formula of using look in The Old Man and the sea : he looked back/behind/across/up/ and saw The second cluster of notional words consists resume of favorite words.
the hell with luck - the boy said. ill bring note the luck with. Besides topical and key words there are other lexemes. They reflect creative views and preferences of the author. Verbs looked, said fulfill this function. The remarks of the dialogues are clichéd. The writer uses only two words for naming of speech process. They are said (189 times/ the text told (9 times/ the text) and asked (17 times/the text). The latter is usually used for describing conversations of the man with the boy, with the fish and with the bird.
As a result it can be said that the word assumes a special character: it has a special meaning task in the particular fiction work. Compare the word bridge in for whom the bell Tombs and its common meaning and fish, sea in The Old Man and the sea. It is significant to say about the word luck and its derivatives and synonyms. As luck is one of the key topics of the work, and maybe even a character of the story, hemingway uses it rather often. ( luck, lucky, fortune, salao ). This word gains negative connotation because the old mans fortune is not really happy: i am not lucky. I am not lucky anymore.
Locative groups express all the movings and locations of the characters and the objects. Its frequency can be explained by the authors wish to make the effect of trustworthiness of the events by means of detailed description of outer, virtually existing characteristics. Conjunctions are also high-frequency group of words. The most popular ones are: and (one of the final pages contains 59 of and) but (most of the pages contain 6- 9 of but) then (many pages contain 5- 8 of but) Sometimes Hemingway combines polysyndeton and frequent usage of prepositions in one sentence. The second cluster of high-frequency words are topical and key words. Their usage is caused by the topic of the work. That is a category of lexemes which can predict its common sense being isolated. Signifying one and the same denotata the thematic word becomes more and more concrete on one hand and on the other hand it gain s several connotations.
The stylistic analysis of Hemingways
This feature also presents in The Old Man bryght and the sea. There are 10 definite articles and only one indefinite article among 80 words contained in the second paragraph. The whole story contains 84,1 of definite articles and only 15,9 of indefinite ones whereas usually article ratio. The same literature aim is reached by initial using of the third person pronouns, which are used before names. An unknown character or object is perceived as if it had been already mentioned. The Old Man and the sea begins with: he was an old man who fished alone while the old mans name santiago - appears only at the fourth paragraph. The same can be said about the boy and his name (Manolin).
By the way hemingway uses Santiago only three times and the old man 202 times in the narrative; Manolin 2 times and the boy 96 times. Such frequency can be explained by using the third person pronouns in the remarks for dialogues. The subject is expressed by the pronoun in 60 of the remarks. Theres one more mean on reaching the same aim, it is demonstrative pronoun. Nevertheless in The Old Man and the sea this method is rarely used. Locative prepositions and adverbs also fulfill a stylistic function. They are about 10 of the text and they are utilized as concentrated groups in one phrase: The boy was back now with the sardines and the two baits wrapped in a newspaper and they went down the trail to the skiff, feeling the pebbled.
Lexical composition of narration is explored first of all concerning of frequency of using of this or that lexeme. The biggest group of high-frequency words is presented by syncategorematic and synsematic words. The per cent of these lexemes in the word list is 1 or even less. At the same time they are over 50 of the text. Its impossible that such a great part of the fiction work were not used for making this or that impression. The per cent of the definite article in Hemingways texts is 8,3.
First paragraphs contain 12-17 of the same category. The explanation of this fact is in the creative method of the artist. There are no works which first chapters presuppose acquaintance with future characters and places. Any object mentioned for the first time is accompanied with the definite article. The definite article presupposes forestalling mentioning of the lexeme. It makes the beginning of the story look as if it was not beginning but continuation. The beginning from the middle makes the readers think that theres some information outside the text, it creates an implication of precedence, increase textual capacity.
SparkNotes: The, old, man and the, sea : Character List
He managed to combine all these incompatible characteristics in one style. It is extremely difficult to describe the pelleas writing style of such a master of the art of narrative because hemingway was developing during his life and his views and the manner of writing were also changing. There exist genre, topical, compositional and linguistic distinctions between Hemingways creative works referred to earlier and later periods. The explorers marked the exact boarder between two periods. It takes in the middle of the thirties. They ascribed all the three collected stories and novels fiesta, and the sun Also rises and farewell to the Arms to the first period. And the second period is presented by two long African stories, the Old Man and the sea, novels to have writing or have not, across the river and into the Trees, for whom the bell Tombs and Islands in the Ocean. The most popular means of realization of creative individuality of the author are lexical composition and syntactic structure of the narration. Therefore this work is dedicated to these two scopes of the inquiry.
The matter is The Old Man and the sea is a quite traditional book for Hemingway from the point of view of stylistics. He introduced the newest style in those works which had been written much earlier. Nevertheless the nobel Committee fastened to reward the writer for this narrative, until he did not create another time bomb. So, what is it like, this legendary hemingways style? Is it conciseness journalistic diction and reticence of his first books or maybe wider breath of for whom the bell Tombs, terse minimalism or vivid dialogue, laconism of expressions or detailed description? It is neither one, nor another separately, but everything taken together. Hemingway is a deft craftsman of words.
creative self-expression of the writer, a work reflects uniqueness of artists world-view. That is the individual authors style. The aim of this particular work is to explore the Old Man and the sea from the point of view of stylistics and to highlight those features of Hemingways individual style which are presented in the text of the narrative. A writers problem does not change. He himself changes, but his problem remains the same. It is always how to write truly and, having found what is true, to project it in such way that it becomes a part of the experience of the person who reads. 2 Ernest Miller Hemingway was a famous American writer. In 1954 he was awarded by The nobel Prize in Literature "for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style". . Undoubtedly this particular story can not be considered as an expression of his modern diction.
The Oxford dictionary gives the following entry: Style noun ( plural styles ) the way something is done, made, said, or written etc. The part of a pistil that supports the stigma in review a plant. Stylistic adjective, the first meaning presented in the entry is more or less suitable for the topic we deal with. But still I suppose it is necessary to clear up the content of the lexeme style relative to fiction works. 2,000 years ago the latin word stylus meant " a pointed instrument used for writing." Nowadays, definitions of style point not to the instrument used by the writer but to characteristics of the writing itself: The way in which something is said, done, expressed,. Narrowly interpreted as those figures that ornament discourse; broadly, as representing a manifestation of the person speaking or writing. All figures of speech fall within the domain of style.
The Old Man and the sea " by Ernest Hemingway review
Moscow, state University of Psychology and Education. The, faculty of Modern Languages, course Project « The stylistic analysis of Hemingways. The Old Man and the sea». Group.1, myagkova, elena, moscow, 2010, contents. Style and stylistic features.3, introduction.5. Lexical analysis.7, syntactic analysis.12, form and structure14, conclusion.15. The list of the literature used16. Style and stylistic analysis. style is the dress of thoughts; and let them be ever so just, if your style is homely, coarse, buy and vulgar, they will appear to as much disadvantage." philip Dormer Stanhope, earl of Chesterfield ) 1, in modern English the word style is polysemous.