And I think the best way to show the advance of medical service is to say that average life expectancy in Europe has risen dramatically from 50 years to about 75 years. The modern world of high technology could not have come about except for the development of the computer. Different types and sizes of computers find uses throughout society in the storage and handling of data, from secret governmental files to banking transactions to private household accounts. Computers have opened up a new era in manufacturing through the techniques of automation, and they have enhanced modern communication systems. They are essential tools in almost every field of research and applied technology, from constructing models of the universe to producing tomorrow's weather reports, and their use has in itself opened up new areas of conjecture. Database services and computer networks make available a great variety of information sources.
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Irrigation, drainage, conservation, and sanitation are some of the fields requiring the specialised knowledge of agricultural engineers today. Mechanisation, the outstanding characteristic of late 19th- and 20th-century agriculture, has eased much of the backbreaking toil of the farmer. More significantly, mechanisation has enormously increased farm efficiency and productivity. Planes and helicopters are employed in grendel agriculture for such purposes as seeding, transporting perishable products, and fighting forest fires, and in spraying operations involved in insect and disease control. Radio and television disseminate vital weather reports and other information that is of concern to farmers. Agriculture supplied with greenhouses and chemical fertilizers produces a huge amount of food which can be stored for a long time and transported to different places. In the 20th century, many infectious diseases have been conquered through vaccines, antibiotics, and improved living conditions. Cancer has become a more common illness, but treatments have been developed that effectively combat some forms of the disease. Basic research into life systems was also begun in the 20th century. Important discoveries were made in many areas, especially concerning the basis for the transmission of hereditary traits and the chemical and physical mechanisms for brain function. The advance of medical report knowledge enables people to perform the most complicated operations with the help of modern equipment and to keep people alive with the help of implanted parts.
We can't imagine our life today without telephone, television, fax, cars, planes, computers, space rockets etc. Nowadays modern industry is fulfilled with the help of robots which replaced man in some hard ilahi or dangerous labour and run by computers. Robots provide people with all necessities/They have vision systems and work at a very high speeds. And today they are used fore skilled work like welding, spray painting and assembling components. Although robots have got some disadvantages their main benefits are the quality of work and also that they never get bored with their tasks. Modern agriculture is based on scientific weather and harvest predictions. It depends heavily on engineering and technology and on the biological and physical sciences.
Nowadays most of the ancient wonders are destroyed but the existing ones still remind us of the man's power and wisdom. But wonders of the modern world are different from the ancient ones which were all buildings and statues. In the last centuries there was a time of unprecedented technical and scientific achievements. That's why the modern wonders are mainly the product of science and technology. And these wonders made our life easier, resume more efficient and convenient. The achievements of science can be easily water seen in the material level modern. These are of course the modern conveniences and appliances.
Although, many have come to accept racial profiling as a justifiable way in which to eliminate potential terrorist threats, the exact opposite has occurred. Societies in North America have undermined their own constitutions by supporting practices that are unconstitutional. Furthermore, as rights are taken away and disparity arises in equality, cooperation from these groups ceases to exists, countering the efforts against security threats. Terrorists do not have a general profile and as such efforts must be increased in other areas to combat the security threats. Racial profiling remains an ineffective and unnecessary policing tool that will never attain the desired goals. There are so many wonders of the world. But all of them are different in their nature. In the Ancient times there were seven wonders of the world: the pyramids of Egypt, the hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Statue of zeus, the temple of Artemis, the mausoleum of Halicarnassus, the Pharos of Alexandria, the colossus of Rhodes. They were created by people to glorify beauty and entreat gods or emperors.
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Terrorist groups can emerge in any society and originate from any ethnicity or religion. Even if race or ethnicity is a strong predictor of criminal behaviour, an individual member of the relevant groups is very unlikely to be a criminal (Gross, livingston 1423). Most terrorist acts are a last resort to political action. It cannot be assumed that Arabs and Muslims are the only demographic that is oppressed politically or socially, nor is it the only one that strives for political change. Political unrest and terrorist attacks based on political views have occurred in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Argentina, bolivia among others; countries that do not have a significant Arab or Muslim population.
Based on the logic used to justify racial profiling, British and Argentinean citizens would also be generalized as terrorists. Few events, despite their magnitude cannot be used as the measuring stick to determine who constitutes as a terrorist. It is not ethnic or racial motives that drive terrorism alone, other factors must also be considered. Doing this may in fact shed light upon the fact that terrorists do not have a general profile. Racial profiling, although, by no means a new write concept, has emerged to great heights in the post 9/11 security charged environment.
Based on a healthy relationship, citizens will be more likely to help authorities with ongoing investigations and information. Therefore, it is of great importance that the civil liberties and freedoms remain intact to successfully address security threats related to terrorism. The most significant problem associated with racial profiling, contrary to widespread belief, is that it fails to reduce security threats related to terrorism. Focusing on specific particulars such as generalizations based on ethnic and racial stereotypes takes away from widespread attention, although, it is claimed it is much more efficient as we cannot employ maximum effort on every single person (Ellman 316). It is more likely that police and other authorities will miss other security risks due to the greater attention that is being focused in one area. One argument that is of great significance is that terrorists are not limited to Arab and Muslim communities.
From 1980 to 2005, the United States were victim to 319 terrorist attacks, of which a mere 6 were executed by Islamic extremists, while the remaining 94 percent was a combination of separatists, extremists from the left wing, communists and other groups (Danios. Authorities greater attention on Arabs and Muslims could potentially result in overlooking 94 percent of possible terrorist attacks. Rather than working to reduce terrorist threats, racial profiling seems to have a contradictory effect. Although, contrary reports have surfaced that claim the opposite, studies conducted in duke university and a recent report commissioned by the muslim Public Affairs council in Washington have published results to support the former. Nonetheless, supporters of racial profiling suggest that the security of the nation as a whole is much more attainable if those that are more likely to engage in terrorist activities are paid much closer attention. However, they fail to consider the possibility that other groups, although, unfitting of the general terrorist profile, can go undetected. When law enforcement relies on a broad, superficial category such as race or religion, this shortcut interferes with more effective techniques such as behavioural cues and suspect or crime specific descriptions (Ramirez, hoopes, quinlan 1195). Events of 9/11 may in fact have been the work of Islamic extremists, however, to label Arabs and Muslims as the only potential terrorist threat is premature and naive.
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It goes on to create circumstances in which hate, prejudice and alienation emerge. Arabs and Muslims since the events of 9/11 have been increasingly subjected to hate crimes. This was clearly evident across the us in which hate motivated violence against Middle eastern people and members of Californias sikh community, often mistakenly thought to be Arabs, spiked in the weeks after the september writing 11th attack (Siggins. Incidents such as these will only work counterproductively as it will increase alienation. Ethnic minorities such as the Arabs and Muslims will hesitate to trust governmental authority. Some argue that this will serve as a loss of information as these communities will refrain from cooperating. Community policing rather than racial profiling helps to establish a relationship between citizens and authority their capacity to prevent crimes increases with the mobilization of citizens to assist them (Sparrow, moore, kennedy 100).
Critics, however, have argued that national interest trumps individual freedoms and liberties as it concerns the greater good. Essentially, it becomes the whole against a few. As in the United States, the central question in Canadas War against Terrorism, is whether Arabs and Muslims should be treated as more likely to threaten Canada or indeed global security (Bahdi 296). The general consensus based on the actions of Canada and the us immediately after 9/11 would suggest. Critics argue that it is easier and much more efficient to target specific groups then subject everyone to higher scrutiny. This, however, more or less, is the definition of discrimination and such actions are unconstitutional under the current status of the constitutions of Canada and the. Targeting specific individuals based on ethnicity, color, or religious affiliation goes against the foundational principles of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and Bill of Rights. We now live in a world that has worked to abolish racism and prejudice and accepting the possibility of waiving the rights of some as a response to fear does not justify such actions. The unconstitutionality of racial profiling extends beyond civil liberties and freedoms.
specific deviant behaviour or crimes. The us decision, without evidence, that Arabs and Muslims fit the general profile of terrorists is considered racial profiling. Although, it may not be immediately evident, such actions undermine the freedom to rights and liberties that are guaranteed under the constitutions of both Canada and the United States as it is seen as a form of discrimination. By singling out certain ethnicities and races, it undermines the equality that is guaranteed to all individuals. The war against Terror has inadvertently created circumstances in which the maintenance of security has taken precedence over the rights and freedoms of individuals. The practice of racial profiling is an unconstitutional deprivation of equal protection that has played a significant role in undermining civil liberties that has limited the freedom and equality of Arabs and Muslims in particular. Although it is difficult to argue that increased security is not needed in post 9/11 North America; it is much more difficult to argue that certain races and ethnicities based on one or few events should be deprived of the rights and freedoms that continue. In Canada, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees the freedom from discrimination based on ethnic, racial, and religious backgrounds. Similarly, the fourteenth Amendment of the us constitution offers similar protections in which requires all citizens be treated equally under the law.
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Societal norms have undergone drastic change as universality of metamorphosis rights and freedoms have slowly emerged on several fronts. With the abolishment of slavery several decades ago, most countries have come to acknowledge the importance of human rights and equality. In the aftermath of the world Trade center attacks, however, efforts in this regard have taken a step back. In the altered security landscape of the post 9/11 era, widespread racial profiling has emerged. Nonetheless it presents itself as an ineffective and unnecessary policing instrument, in the war against Terror, as it undermines civil liberties and alienates minority populations rather than eliminating security threats. Skeptics have argued that the environment fostered by such action is the very same in which these terrorists emerge; and as such act as a counter-productive instrument in neutralizing security threats. Racial profiling has been ineffective or unnecessary in three regards.